Sunday, 23 January 2022 | News today: 0

Adaptation to climate change in agriculture project to be launched in 2016

20120430-klimatski-promeni

Macedonia and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) will launch a project for adaptation to climate change in February, worth US$400.000.

The project’s goal is to mitigate the climate change effects, but also prepare farmers in coping with these effects. Foreign experts will scan the situation in January and define priorities for further implementation of projected activities.

“As a country, we cannot do much in reducing the greenhouse gas emissions, but need to undertake all measures in order to be prepared for the problems that agriculture will surely face”, says Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Economy Mihail Cvetkov.
Experts say that easily applicable, not very expensive and economically viable measures should be undertaken towards protection of agriculture from climate change.

“By 2050, average temperature in Macedonia is expected to rise by three degrees Celsius, accompanied by a drop of precipitation by eight percent and its misbalance. This will certainly cause problems”, says Cvetkov.

Analyses of the effects of climate change have shown that economic losses among strategic agriculture crops would reach up to 50 percent.

The Povardarie region is considered the most vulnerable, while grapes the most vulnerable crop.

The regions of Strumica, Gevgelija, South Vardar valley, Kumanovo valley and Ovce Pole are ranked as highly vulnerable, while tomato and wheat are to suffer greatest damage.

Livestock is expected to drop as a result of the temperature stress effect on the animals, while local breeds are to be more resistant to the projected drier and warmer climate conditions. New diseases and pests in crops and livestock are projected as the highest risks from climate change in the next 2­3 decades.

Activities in Macedonia will focus on irrigation, with EUR 200 million to be invested in the coming ten years. Existing systems will be rehabilitated, along with the construction of new water­-saving ones.