Sunday, 27 September 2020 | News today: 0

Freedom is a state of mind


Columnist: Simona Jandrevska, IPS scholarship holder

Everyone goes through different experiences, obstacles, moments of joy and sorrow and leaves behind different legacy. Since there are no two identical human destinies, it’s clear the answer to this question is neither simple, nor easy. After analyzing Descartes’ “I think, therefore I am” a bit more thoroughly, we conclude the mind makes us present, hence we can grasp we are physical and perpetual creatures who are entitled to rights and freedoms, so we should ask ourselves: are those absolute? We are minds which can doubt the world as it is and its advantages, and that same doubt can be expressed not just by our thoughts, but also actions. Our actions are free, in every sense of the word. However, if we think deeper about areas we can act in, we will come to realize we do not enjoy absolute freedom in that many actions. It is so because we are not alone and our actions aren’t isolated, our actions generate consequences. Consequences that interfere with somebody else’s right and freedoms.

Putting limitations on human deviant behavior is a negative judgement to society regarding certain actions. From sociological point of view, criminal behavior is related to asocial behavior and tendency to confront the established order. In a concise manner, Rousseau in his “Social Contract” presents the predetermined right to the state to punish in order to preserve public order and peace and citizens’ well-being. Modern societies have accepted that the state has the right to punish anyone who endangers public order and peace and well-being of all citizens, since it is responsible to protect them and secure undisrupted functioning and exercising of their rights. 

Deviant behavior not only interferes with individual rights and freedoms of citizens, but also with the state as a foundation in which citizens seek justice and protection. Therefore, criminal acts punishment is severe, aiming to reinforce national security and to prevent greater and irreversible damage to national identity and integrity. Criminal acts in Macedonia’s Criminal Law begin with Article 305 in the Criminal Code, which refers to high treason, and ends with Article 327, which refers to espionage, endangering independence, violence against highest state bodies, diversion and other acts, which are not just criminal acts, but also dissatisfaction, humiliation and aggression: lynch by citizens who feel betrayed and played.

Latest events in Macedonia concerning “Putsch” operation require more thorough thinking and analyzing processes of consequences, caused by certain behavior. The investigation will definitely prove who is right, and who needs to be properly punished, but it will also show who relies on sources every Macedonian would be ashamed of. Cooperating with a foreign service in order to spy on a fellow citizen, fellow national, can in no way be justified, regardless of the purpose. When in doubt of one’s work, there are various methods to investigate it. There is a judicial branch of government which is expected to deal with protection of citizens’ rights, but there is also a legislative branch of government – the parliament – which is the right place for debate. If there is any doubt regarding Government’s work, Macedonia’s Constitution in Article 93 stipulates motion of no confidence. We can conclude there are various methods which enable development of criticism. Hence, cooperating with foreign service to gain information in completely unjustified and wrong.

Regardless the motives, endangering national identity can in no case be justified. There is no justification for neglecting the everything but easy fight of our predecessors for us to have independence. A foreign country or a foreign secret service cannot love Macedonia more than any Macedonian and work for its benefit.

The Manifest of the temporary Macedonian Government from 23 March 1881 reads:

Long live the Macedonian people, long live Macedonia! The voice of our fatherland exists, so does freedom – expensive inheritance of nations. To voice these words means to have open-minded people applaud you, it means calling for noble hearts to rush to come and fight to win that sacred freedom which has abandoned our dear fatherland centuries ago. Macedonians, remember your roots and do not throw them away!

Freedom we have today was nothing but a dream or state of mind to Cento, Delcev, Vlahov, Hadzi Dimov, Petrov, Sandanski and numerous other Macedonian predecessors who wholeheartedly sacrificed their lives to the enemy and foreign services for us to live the life we live today. That is exactly why we should treat freedom with highest respect and abstention from deviant behavior, so that we can provide a dignified life to our descendants in sovereign and independent Republic of Macedonia.