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Rural­-urban migration is highest in the Northeast Region: statistics

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The data on internal migration (movement within the borders of the same region) show that moving from rural to urban areas is more common than from urban to rural areas. Rural­-urban migration at the regional level was highest in the Northeast Region at 40.8%, data of the State Statistical Office of the Republic of Macedonia show.

The Polog Region is characterized by inter­-rural migration, accounting for 61.3%. The Skopje Region continuously shows positive net migration for both internal and external migration.

The external net migration was highest in the Skopje Region (1012 migrants), while lowest in the Southwest Region (­86 migrants).

According to the State Statistical Office data, in the Republic of Macedonia, the number of live births in urban areas in 2014 was 13 764, which represents 58.3% of the total number of live births, in comparison with 9 832 live births or 41.7% in rural areas. By regions, Skopje had the highest share of total live births, 34.7%, whereas the Vardar Region had the smallest share, 6.8%.

The average age of mothers for all live births was 29.1 years in urban areas and 27.6 in rural areas. The average age of mothers at first birth was 27.7 years in urban areas and 25.2 years in rural areas. Mothers from rural areas were 2.5 years younger at first birth than mothers from urban areas.

The number of deaths in urban areas was 11 944, which represents 60.6% of the total number of deaths, in comparison with 7 774 or 39.4% in rural areas. By regions, Skopje had the highest share of the total number of deaths, 28.7%, while the Northeast Region had the smallest share, 8.1%. There were 144 infant deaths in urban areas and 89 in rural areas.

Urban areas accounted for 46.9% of the natural increase, while rural areas participated with 53.1%. Pelagonia, the East and Vardar regions show negative natural increase.